Monthly Archives: April 2013

Forcing html input type entry with jQuery

You should also do both client side and server side validation, never rely on just one method. Fortunately, jQuery makes the client side super easy. I won’t discuss validation per se, instead, we’ll focus on limiting the TYPE of data that can be entered in an input field.

Just add these two simple functions to your $(document).ready section. From now, on, any html input with the associated class assigned will limit the type of data that can be entered.

$(document).ready(function() {
    // common functions using class to control input entry
    $('.only_alpha').bind('keyup blur',function(){
        $(this).val( $(this).val().replace(/[^a-zA-z]/g,'') ); }
    );
 
    // Apply the class numericOnly to any html input to force it to only accept numbers
    $(".only_numeric").bind('keypress', function (e) {
        return ( e.which != 13 && e.which != 8 && e.which != 0 && (e.which < 48 || e.which > 57) && e.which != 46) ? false : true;
    });	
});

Now, to have an input that only accepts alpha characters, you just add the class “only_alpha” to it.

<input type="text" name="name_first" class"only_alpha" />

Likewise, to limit an input to numeric characters only, just add the class “only_numeric”.

<input type="text" name="name_first" class"only_numeric" />

For true compliance, you can also use the new HTML5 types. I won’t go into these here, but you can get a nice overview at http://diveintohtml5.info/forms.html.

Homework assignment, a Ulam Spiral Generator – Part One (Redux)

See the DEMO

Requires WebKit Browser, i.e. Chrome, Firefox, Safari

One of the things I enjoy about coding, is the ongoing development. Code is never really done, because I can always think of ways to improve it. This post was originally supposed to be the second half of the Ulam Spiral Generator (my experiments with writing an HTML, jQuery based Ulam Sprial, or Ulam Cloth generator), but certain improvements have been burning in the back of my mind and I decided to go ahead and make them now, rather then later.

The changes were mostly about the look and feel and some usability issues. I didn’t like having buttons on the page that didn’t do anything when the spiral wasn’t visible. Also, after playing with the interface, I decided that I didn’t like having to select “Go” every time I changed the row/column count. Now, the spiral adjusts live as you change the count.

I’m not going to go into much detail on the changes, they speak for themselves, and they weren’t too complex. I’ll just present the code and provide a link the revised code and you can decide for yourself.

<html>
    <head>
        <title>Ulam Spiral Generator with jQuery</title>
        <meta name="description" content="Ulam Spiral Generator written with jQuery. The Ulam Spiral is also know as the Ulam Cloth.">
        <!-- I like to use cdn's whenever possible -->
        <link href="http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jqueryui/1.8/themes/base/jquery-ui.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"/>
 
        <script src="http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.9.0/jquery.min.js"></script>
          <script src="http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jqueryui/1.8/jquery-ui.min.js"></script>
 
          <style>
              * {
                  font-family: Arial;
              }
              body {
                  background-color: #5872e8;
                  background-image: -webkit-gradient(radial, 50% 0%,0,50% 0%,200, from(#2c4160), to(#5872e8));
                  background-image: -webkit-radial-gradient(50% 0%, #5872e8, #2c4160);
                  background-image: -moz-radial-gradient(50% 0%, #5872e8, #2c4160);
                  background-image: -o-radial-gradient(50% 0%, #5872e8, #2c4160);
                  background-image: -ms-radial-gradient(50% 0%, #5872e8, #2c4160);
                  background-image: radial-gradient(50% 0%, #5872e8, #2c4160);
              }
 
              a {
                  color: #fff;
              }          
 
              #ulam ul {
                  list-style-type: none;
                  text-align: center;
              }
 
              #ulam li {
                  background-color: #fff;
                  position: relative;
                  float: left;
                  width: 40px;
                  height: 40px;
                  text-align: center; 
                  border: 1px solid black;
                  border-radius: 5px;
                  margin: 2px;
                  padding 5px;
                  line-height: 40px;
                  box-shadow: 2px 2px 3px #333;
              }
              #toolbar {
 
              }
 
              #output {
                  border-radius: 50%;
                  border: 2px solid white;
                  line-height: 40px;
                  text-align: center;
                  padding: 2px;
                  margin: 5px;
                  color: #fff;
                  background-color: red;
                  box-shadow: 3px 3px 5px #333;
              }
              .prime {
                  color: #fff;
                  background-color: #5872e8 !important;
              }
        </style>
    </head>
 
    <body>
        <script>
            $(document).ready(function() {
                // Apply the class numericOnly to any html input to force it to only accept numbers
                // this class function isn't currently used on this page, but I find it handy to keep around
                $("input.numericOnly").bind('keypress', function (e) {
                    return ( e.which != 13 && e.which != 8 && e.which != 0 && (e.which < 48 || e.which > 57) && e.which != 46) ? false : true;
                });
			    // we assign the class "true" to the table when we find prime numbers, we just toggle the class the reveal the prime numbers
                $("#showprimes").on('click', function () {
                    $(".true").toggleClass("prime");
			    });
 
                $("#animatespiral").on('click', function () {
                    cols = $("#cols").val();
                    maxsize = cols*cols;
                    var j = 1;
 
                    (function spiralnext() {
                        if (j < maxsize+1) {
                            $('#' + j).effect('pulsate', { times: 1 }, 200, spiralnext);
                            j++;
                        }
                    })();
			    });
 
			    // we'll update the div when the slider is updated so the user has feedback
                $('#cols').change(function() {
                    var x = $(this).val();
                    $('#output').text(x);
                });
                submit_num();
            });
 
            function submit_num() {
                // remove any td from previous 
                $("#ulam li").remove();
 
                var cells = [];
                var x = 0,
                y = 0,
                delta = [0, -1],
                cols = $("#cols").val();
                maxsize = cols*cols;
                for (i = 1; i <= maxsize; i++) {
                    cells[i] = {};
                    // I know I didn't have to add maxsize to the value, I just don't naturally visualize negative numbers
                    cells[i]['row'] = y + maxsize;
                    cells[i]['col'] = x + maxsize;
                    cells[i]['dat'] = i;
                    prime = isPrime(i);
                    cells[i]['pri'] = prime;   
                    //console.debug('POINT ', i, y + maxsize, x + maxsize);
 
                    if (x === y || (x < 0 && x === -y) || (x > 0 && x === 1-y)){
                        // change direction
                        delta = [-delta[1], delta[0]]            
                    }
 
                    x += delta[0];
                    y += delta[1];        
                }
                // Now we sort the array based on row, then column, this actually stumped me for a bit, I'm not used 
                // to sorting arrays on two fields, but fortunately, as usual, stackoverflow to the rescue
                cells.sort( function(a,b){ 
                    if (a.row != b.row) {
                        return b.row - a.row;
                    }
                    return a.col - b.col 
                });
 
                var trackrows = cells[1]['row'];
 
                for (j = 0; j < maxsize; j++) {
                    if (trackrows != cells[j]['row']) {
                        // we need to close previous rows and start a new one if the row number changes
                        // I'm thinking about rewriting this using ul, li
                	    trackrows = cells[j]['row'];
                    	$("#ulam ul").append('<div style="clear: both;">');
                    }
                    console.log('POINT ', cells[j]['dat'], cells[j]['row'], cells[j]['col']);
                    $("#ulam ul").append('<li id="'+cells[j]['dat']+'" class="'+cells[j]['pri']+'">'+cells[j]['dat']+'</li>');
                } 
                $('#tools').show();              
            }
 
            function isPrime(num) {
                var prime = num != 1; // Everything but 1 can be prime
                for (var i = 2; i < num; i++) {
                    if (num % i == 0) {
                        prime = false;
                        break;
                    };
                };
                return prime;
            };            
 
        </script>
 
            <h2>Ulam Spiral Generator</h2>
            <p><a href="http://www.tangledwebsites.com/homework-assignment-a-ulam-spiral-generator/">Read the blog post "Homework assignment, a Ulam Spiral Generator" (Redux) by Daniel Saint James</a></p>
 
            <form>
                <div> 
                    <p>Use the slider to select the number of rows/columns you would like. 
                    <span id="output">10</span>&nbsp;<input id="cols" type="range" min="10" max="40" value="10" onchange="submit_num();" />
                    <span id="tools" style="display: none;">
                        <input id="showprimes" type="button" value="Toggle Primes" /> <input id="animatespiral" type="button" value="Animate Spiral" />
                    </span>
                </div>
 
                <div style="clear: both;">
 
                <div id="ulam">
                    <ul>
 
                    </ul>
                </div>
 
            </form>
    </body>
</html>

See the DEMO

Requires WebKit Browser, i.e. Chrome, Firefox, Safari

Running startup scripts on CentOS Linux (Fedora or RHEL)

Every distro has different ways of handling start up scripts. I maintain a pretty busy server and occasionally it needs to be restarted. There are a couple of Java services that need to run as well as a chat server that needs to be started.

CentOS (and all other distros built around the Red Hat model) use a really simple method. There is a script /etc/rc.local, that you can place all of your startup items in.

Here is a simple example

#!/bin/sh
#
# All the other init scripts will run first. rc.local runs after them
 
sh /var/www/virtual/webapps/RealChatNew/realchat start

That’s really is all there is to it. There’s your handy little tip for the day!

Finding Time

I actually have a growing list of things that I’ve been meaning to post about, and I keep getting pulled off on side projects. Also, I’m between projects right now and I’ve decided to get a full time job.

Contracting is fun for the first decade or so, but after a while, you want some stability. My resolution is to try to post at least once a week.

Part Two of the Ulam spiral is almost done so I just need to get off my duff and post it.